How Much Social Security Will I Get
SSA calculates your benefit based on the monthly average of up to 35 of your highest earning years rather than, say, your last five years. The earnings are indexed to the change in overall wage levels and the rise in the nationâs standard of living while you were employed. Your future benefits thus will reflect that rise.
A Social Security calculator can help you figure out your benefits.
When checking whether your earnings record is correct or not, keep in mind theres no statute of limitations on correcting errors related to wages, according to Kurt Czarnowski, a principal at Czarnowski Consulting.
A person needs to provide proof of what the correct amount of earnings was, Czarnowski said at a recent National Association of Personal Financial Advisors conference. But even if itâs something back in 1976, if happen to have W-2, can make that correction.
Delay or not?Should you hold off taking Social Security retirement benefits? Hereâs what to consider
Also, be aware that someone who chooses to draw benefits at the earliest possible age 62 would see their payment reduced by as much as 30%. By contrast, workers who delay retirement past their full-retirement age 66 or 67 for most people would see an 8% increase in benefits for each year they wait until 70.
Q: What If Social Security Is Your Only Source Of Income
A: When your only source of retirement income is Social Security, you probably wont pay any federal income taxes on that income, according to the Social Security Administration. But from 50% – 85% of Social Security income may become taxable if you have income from other sources, such as savings from a traditional IRA or 401, pension payments, or earnings from a job or other sources.
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The above article is intended to provide generalized financial information designed to educate a broad segment of the public it does not give personalized tax, investment, legal, or other business and professional advice. Before taking any action, you should always seek the assistance of a professional who knows your particular situation for advice on taxes, your investments, the law, or any other business and professional matters that affect you and/or your business.
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Social Security Is Taxed More Favorably Than Private Pensions
The income tax treatment of Social Security benefits is considerably more favorable than that of private defined-benefit pensions, which are otherwise similar to Social Security. Because of the income thresholds and the 50- and 85-percent limits, only about 30 percent of Social Security benefits are currently subject to income taxation. In contrast, defined-benefit pensions are fully taxable except for the typically small portion representing the employees own after-tax contributions.
CBO and the Joint Committee on Taxation estimate that taxing Social Security and Railroad Retirement benefits in exactly the same way as private pensions would raise $411 billion in additional revenues over ten years. Stated another way, the current tax treatment of Social Security provides beneficiaries with a $411 billion tax reduction, relative to the tax treatment that private pensions face.
Do Millionaires Get Social Security Benefits
In the eyes of the IRS, investment income, such as dividends from stocks and interest from bonds, doesn’t count as earned income. As many millionaires and billionaires inherited their wealth and live off investment income, this means they don’t pay Social Security taxes and are thus ineligible for retirement benefits …
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How Social Security Taxes Work
The fact that levies are applied to benefits is âextremely unpopular,â Altman said. âPeople hate it, but it actually makes policy sense,â she said.
One key reason that it makes for good policy is that Social Security benefits and private pensions are taxed in a similar way.
When the program was created in 1935, benefits were not taxed. That began to change in 1983, when Congress changed the rules so that up to 50% of Social Security benefits could be included in taxable income, if a taxpayerâs income was over certain thresholds.
More changes came in 1993, which raised the portion of certain Social Security benefits subject to taxation to 85%. That change applied to higher income beneficiaries.
The result is a complicated set of rules that still applies today.
First, the taxes are based on what is known as provisional or combined income. That includes half of your Social Security benefits plus your adjusted gross income and nontaxable interest. That means that any income from wages, interest, dividends or other taxable income is counted.
Then the 50% and 85% thresholds are applied.
Individuals with combined income between $25,000 and $34,000 will pay income tax on up to 50% of their benefits. That also goes for couples with incomes between $32,000 and $44,000.
Individuals with combined income of more than $34,000, as well as couples with more than $44,000, may pay tax on up to 85% of their benefits.
When Do I Pay Tax On Disability Benefits
The rules for determining whether federal tax is owed on LTD or STD income depend on two things:
- Who paid the premiums you or your employer?
- How were premiums paid with pre-tax dollars or after-tax dollars?
Generally speaking, the tax rules work like this: if your employer paid the premiums, then the income you get on disability is taxable. Likewise, if you paid the premiums with pre-tax dollars, then your disability income is also taxable. However, if you paid the premiums with after-tax dollars, then your disability income payments are free from federal taxes. In other words, the IRS either takes tax upfront , or they take tax on the back-end . That means:
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Could You Handle A 23% Cut To Your Social Security Benefit
Since retired worker payouts began in 1940, the Social Security Board of Trustees has released a report each year that examines the financial state of the program. This often-lengthy report takes into account demographic changes, fiscal policy implemented by Congress, and a multitude of other factors to provide an all-encompassing look at how firm the foundation is for Social Security over the short term and long term .
The problem is that the Trustees Report has been warning that long-term revenue wouldn’t be sufficient to cover payouts, including cost-of-living adjustments , since 1985. As time has passed, the projected long-term cash shortfall has grown. The 2022 Trustees Report estimates that Social Security has a $20.4 trillion cash deficiency through 2096.
If there’s a positive takeaway here, it’s that Social Security can’t go bankrupt as long as people keep working. Around 90% of the revenue collected by Social Security comes from the 12.4% payroll tax on earned income, such as wages and salary. But just because Social Security is in no danger of insolvency, that doesn’t mean it’s financially healthy.
Without any changes, the Trustees Report predicts the Old-Age and Survivors Insurance Trust Fund, which is responsible for doling out payments to more than 48 million retired workers each month, will require an across-the-board 23% benefit cut by 2034. For the typical retired worker, we’d be talking about thousands of dollars in reduced annual benefits.
A Couple Of Concernstaxes And Medicare Premiums
This all sounds like good news so far, but you should also be aware that continuing to work past 70 could cost you a bit more in taxes and Medicare premiums.
- Required Minimum Distributions increase your taxable incomeIf you have traditional retirement accounts, you must take an RMD at age 70Â½ or 72 depending on your birthday. This is considered ordinary income and could possibly push you into a higher tax bracket, especially as you continue to earn other taxable income. Not only would that possibly increase your income tax bill, youd also most likely have to pay taxes on your Social Security benefits as I describe next.
- Increased income may make your Social Security benefits taxableThe percentage of your Social Security benefits subject to income tax will depend on your annual income. Currently, if youre a single filer and make $25,000 to $34,000, up to 50 percent of your benefits may be taxed for income over $34,000, up to 85 percent of benefits may be taxed. Current limits for married filing jointly are $32,000 to $44,000 and over $44,000 respectively.
- Higher income might mean higher Medicare Part B and D premiumsSimilarly, you may be charged more for Medicare premiums if you earn over a certain amount. For 2022 those thresholds are $91,000 for single filers and $182,000 for married filing jointly. However, if you still have healthcare coverage through an employer, you may be able to delay taking Part B and possibly Part D.
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Are All Kinds Of Social Security Income Taxable
All social security benefits are taxable in the same way. This is true whether theyre retirement, survivors, or disability benefits. Take note that Social Security benefits paid to a child under his or her Social Security number could be potentially taxable to the child, not the parent. Note: Supplemental Security Income, or SSI, is a non-taxable needs-based federal benefit. It is not part of Social Security benefits and does not figure into the taxable benefit formula.
Finding your taxable income is an important part of filing taxes. Learn how to calculate your taxable income with help from the experts at H& R Block.
Place Some Retirement Income In Roth Accounts
Contributions to a Roth IRA or Roth 401 are made with after-tax dollars. This means theyre not subject to taxation when the funds are withdrawn. Thus, the distributions from your Roth IRA are tax-free, provided that theyre taken after you turn 59½ and have had the account for five or more years. As a result, the Roth payout wont affect your taxable income calculation and wont increase the tax you owe on your Social Security benefits. Distributions taken from a traditional IRA or traditional 401 plan, on the other hand, are taxable.
The Roth advantage makes it wise to consider a mix of regular and Roth retirement accounts well before retirement age. The blend will give you greater flexibility to manage the withdrawals from each account and minimize the taxes you owe on your Social Security benefits. A similar effect can be achieved by managing your withdrawals from conventional savings, money market accounts, or tax-sheltered accounts.
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Does Social Security Income Count As Income
Yes, but you can minimize the amount you owe each year by making wise moves before and after you retire. Consider investing some of your retirement savings in a Roth account to shield your withdrawals from income tax. Take out some retirement money after youre 59½, but before you retire to pay for expected taxes on your Social Security before you begin receiving benefit payments. You might also talk to a financial planner about a retirement annuity.
State Taxes On Social Security Benefits
Everything weve discussed above is about your federal income taxes. Depending on where you live, you may also have to pay state income taxes.
There are 12 states that collect taxes on at least some Social Security income. Two of those states follow the same taxation rules as the federal government. So if you live in one of those two states then you will pay the states regular income tax rates on all of your taxable benefits .
The other states also follow the federal rules but offer deductions or exemptions based on your age or income. So in those nine states, you likely wont pay tax on the full taxable amount.
The other 38 states do not tax Social Security income.
|State Taxes on Social Security Benefits|
|Taxed According to Federal Rules||Minnesota, Utah|
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Income Taxes And Your Social Security Benefit
Some of you have to pay federal income taxes on your Social Security benefits. This usually happens only if you have other substantial income in addition to your benefits .
You will pay tax on only 85 percent of your Social Security benefits, based on Internal Revenue Service rules. If you:
- file a federal tax return as an “individual” and your combined income* is
- between $25,000 and $34,000, you may have to pay income tax on up to 50 percent of your benefits.
- more than $34,000, up to 85 percent of your benefits may be taxable.
Social Securitys Taxable Payroll Lags Behind Compensation
Social Securitys income comes primarily from payroll taxes. Workers and their employers pay a combined 12.4 percent of earnings up to a cap, which in 2016 is $118,500 of a workers wages. Social Security benefits, as well, are based on earnings up to that cap. The benefit formula is progressive, which means that it replaces the first dollar of earnings more generously than the last dollar of earnings.
The proportion of employees compensation subject to Social Security payroll taxes has shrunk significantly since policymakers last addressed Social Securitys solvency, as Figure 2 shows. In 1983, nearly three-quarters of employees compensation was subject to Social Security payroll taxes in 2015, less than two-thirds was. Two of the major reasons for the lagging tax base are increased wage inequality and the rising share of employee compensation that goes to health care coverage.
Rising health care costs have also hurt Social Securitys finances. Premiums for employer-sponsored health insurance are exempt from Social Security taxes. As health care costs have risen, wages have fallen as a share of employees compensation, while health premiums have risen, nearly doubling as a share of total compensation over the past 30 years. This shift comes at a cost to Social Security. Excluding employer-sponsored health insurance premiums from Social Security payroll taxes cost about $100 billion in forgone payroll taxes in 2015, and will cost about $1.25 trillion over ten years .
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You Retire In A Foreign Country
If you retire outside of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands or American Samoa, you may not be able to receive Social Security payments, according to Investopedia. The countries where the U.S. will not send payments include Azerbaijan, Belarus, Cuba, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, North Korea, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan or Uzbekistan. There may be exceptions, however, you will need to check with the Social Security Administrationâs âPayments Abroad Screening Toolâ to determine your eligibility to receive payments while living outside the U.S.
Q: Why Havent The Income Thresholds For The Tax On Social Security Benefits Been Adjusted
A: Some policy experts say that fixing the income thresholds was the intention of Congress. But the record is not clear. In 1984, the tax was estimated to affect roughly 10 percent of the highest – income Social Security recipients. In fact, a review of the news archives of the time suggest that the new tax on benefits was sold to the public as affecting the wealthiest Social Security recipients. Today the tax can affect roughly 50 percent or more of all Social Security recipients. Had the income thresholds been adjusted for inflation since 1984, the $25,000 level would be about $72,660, and the $32,000 level would be $93,000. TSCL supports legislation that would adjust these income thresholds.
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Social Security Counts As Income And There Are Limits That Make The Benefits Susceptible To Taxation
Some people will need to pay federal income tax on Social Security benefits, depending on the total income that they receive from a private retirement account or, in the case of surviving beneficiaries, possible employment. There is a limit to your combined income, and those with a combined income under $25,000 a year will not have to pay taxes on their Social Security benefits.
However, for individuals and married couples earning above this threshold, you will more than likely have to pay some tax.
For those with a combined income between $25,000 and $34,000 a year, the Social Security Administration may be able to levy a tax upon fifty percent of your benefits. Finally, with an income over $34,000 , one can be taxed up to eighty-five percent of their Social Security benefits. Married couples who file separately will likely pay taxes on their benefits.
Read more on the 2023 COLA:
How To Report Social Security Income On Your Federal Taxes
Every Social Security recipient receives a benefit statement, Form SSA-1099, in January showing the total dollar amount of benefits received during the previous year. This includes retirement, survivor’s, and disability benefits.
Take that total shown in Box 5 and report it on Line 6a of Form 1040 or Form 1040-SR The IRS provides a worksheet to help you calculate what portion of your benefits are taxable and add the amount to your other income. More simply, you can use online tax software or consult a tax professional to crunch the numbers.
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